Sodium/potassium proportion change are with the blood circulation pressure changes: likelihood of population method for salt/potassium proportion loss in health checkup

Sodium/potassium proportion change are with the blood circulation pressure changes: likelihood of population method for salt/potassium proportion loss in health checkup

Recently, the sodium (Na)/potassium (K) ratio was reported to be associated with blood pressure (BP). A Na/K ratio self-monitoring device using spot urine was established recently. Here, we assessed whether the urinary Na/K ratio change measured using the Na/K device was associated with BP change in a health checkup setting. We targeted 12,890 participants who attended the health checkup in Tome City, Miyagi between 2017 and 2018. Tome City introduced urinary Na/K ratio measurements during health checkups since 2017. For each year, we compared the baseline characteristics according to the urinary Na/K ratio and BP level. We assessed the relationship between change in urinary Na/K ratio and BP change using multiple regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, and change in body mass index (BMI) and alcohol intake. The average urinary Na/K ratio was significantly lower in 2018 than in 2017 (5.4 ± 3.0 to 4.9 ± 2.2, P < 0.01). The systolic BP of the participants in 2018 (130.9 ± 17.4 mmHg) was lower than that in 2017 (132.1 ± 17.9 mmHg). Moreover, the change in systolic BP and diastolic BP was positively associated with the change in urinary Na/K ratio. In conclusion, the association of the change in urinary Na/K ratio with hypertension and changes in systolic and diastolic BP can be explained by a change in alcohol intake, BMI, and urinary Na/K ratio. Therefore, measuring the urinary Na/K ratio in community settings is a potential population approach for counteracting hypertension.

Inclusion

Recently, it was reported that the fresh sodium (Na)/potassium (K) ratio is actually associated with the hypertension (BP) from inside the a cross-sectional study [1,dos,step 3,4]. This will be asked just like the large Na and K intake are identified to get connected with high and you will low BP, respectively [5,6,7]. Additionally, research has come conducted into resource values and you may circumstances causing the new Na/K proportion prior to now seasons [8, 9].

Sodium/potassium proportion transform is from the blood circulation pressure change: possibility of society method for salt/potassium ratio loss of wellness checkup

In a residential area form, it is hard for us to evaluate the true Na intake given that Na intake are usually analyzed from the 24-h urine collection. Continue reading “Sodium/potassium proportion change are with the blood circulation pressure changes: likelihood of population method for salt/potassium proportion loss in health checkup”